Biography of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w

Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, also transliterated as Muhammad, was a religious, political, and military leader from Mecca who unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam.\

Mohammad SAV.svg

Born: 570 AD, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Died: June 8, 632 AD, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Buried: Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Saudi Arabia
Parents: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib, Aminah
The name Muhammad means “Praiseworthy” and occurs four times in the Quran.The Quran addresses Muhammad in the second person not by his name but by the appellations prophet,messenger, servant of God (‘abd), announcer (bashir)[Quran 2:119], witness (shahid),[Quran 33:45] bearer of good tidings (mubashshir), warner (nathir),[Quran 11:2] reminder (mudhakkir),[Quran 88:21] one who calls [unto God] (dā‘ī),[Quran 12:108] light personified (noor)[Quran 05:15], and the light-giving lamp (siraj munir)[Quran 73:1].
Muhammad is sometimes addressed by designations deriving from his state at the time of the address: thus he is referred to as the enwrapped (al-muzzammil) in Quran 73:1 and the shrouded (al-muddaththir) in Quran 74:1.In the Quran, believers are not to distinguish between the messengers of God and are to believe in all of them (Sura Al-Baqara 2:285). God has caused some messengers to excel above others 2:253 and in Sura Al-Ahzab 33:40 He singles out Muhammad as the “Seal of the Prophets”.The Quran also refers to Muhammad as Aḥmad “more praiseworthy” (Arabic: أحمد‎, Sura As-Saff 61:6).
Timeline of Muhammad in Mecca
Important dates and locations in the life of Muhammad
c. 569 Death of his father, Abdullah
c. 570 Possible date of birth: April 19 570 dC, 12 Rabi al Awal: inMecca Saudi Arabia
576 Death of his mother, Aminah
578 Death of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib
c. 583 Takes trading journeys to Syria
c. 595 Meets and marries Khadijah
597 Birth of Zainab, his first daughter, followed by: Ruqayyah, Umm Khultoom, and Fatima Zahra
610 Qur’anic revelation begins in the Cave of Hira on the Jabaal an Nur the ” Mountain of Light” near Mecca
610 Prophethood begins at 40 years old: Angel Jebreel (Gabriel) appears to him on the mountain and calls him: The Prophet of Allah
610 Begins in secret to gather followers in Mecca
c. 613 Begins spreading message of Islam publicly to all Meccans
c. 614 Heavy persecution of muslims begins
c. 615 Emigration of a group of Muslims to Ethiopia
616 Banu Hashim clan boycott begins
619 The year of sorrows: Khadija (his wife) and Abu Talib (his uncle) die
619 Banu Hashim clan boycott ends
c. 620 Isra and Mi’raj (the ascention to heaven to meet God)
622 Emigrates to Medina (called Yathrib): Emigration known asHijra
624 Battle of Badr
625 Battle of Uhud
627 Battle of the Trench (also known as the siege of Medina)
628 The Meccan tribe of Quraysh and the Muslim community in Medina signed a 10 year truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah
629 Conquest of Mecca
632 Farewell pilgrimage and the death of the Prophet Muhammad
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